Articles Posted in the Garden category

Three things I’ve learnt from growing beans

February 2, 2009
Posted in Garden

beans-too-close
Don’t do this at home: an illustration of how not to plant two rows of beans

Not all of us are born with green fingers, some of us have to learn by trial and error. So, here are some of the pearls of wisdom I have gleaned from my bean-growing mistakes.

1. GIVE YOURSELF ROOM TO MANOEUVRE
When you plant your bean seeds do it in such a way that you leave enough space between the plants for you to be able to reach the beans when you want to pick them.

This may seem obvious, but I planted eight bean seeds – four next to a wall on which I’d attached some plastic mesh for the plants to grow up, and then another four in a row about 30cm in front of the first row. The second row has its own sheet of mesh tied to two dowl sticks. I left a space of about 30cm between the two rows because that’s how far seed packets tell you to leave between plants. But it was only once the plants grew tall and started to produce beans that I realised I hadn’t left enough space for me to get between the rows to pick the things (even finding them among all the leaves is tricky). It also makes aphid control complicated.

2. KNOW WHICH WAY THE SUN SHINES
Beans grow quite tall so you need to plant them in a spot where they will not block out the sun for other plants.

Another obvious one, you’d think … but my mistake, which I discovered only once the bean plants started to get quite big, was that the one row of beans blocks out the sun for the other one because when I planted them I didn’t pay attention to how the light travels over my garden during the course of the day. Now the one’s in the back row are has-beans (sorry, couldn’t resist).

3. GROW BEANS ONLY IF YOU REALLY LIKE THEM, OR KNOW PEOPLE WHO DO
Bean plants seem to just go on and on producing. I have been harvesting beans for about a month – just a handful a day, mind you, but this is far more than I can get my family to eat. I have had to start giving the beans away. All in all, I estimate that my veg patch has produced beans worth more than R50, or about five packets that you’d buy in a supermarket. But, I must admit, it is quite nice to be able to give people homegrown food. It makes me feel like I must be doing something right.

Aphids, ants and me

January 20, 2009
Posted in Garden

Aphids and an ant on a bean plant

A herd of aphids and an ant on a bean plant

Freshly picked beans taste different from those you buy in the supermarket, even organic ones. They’re sweet and have a less fibrous texture so they’re absolutely delicious raw.

Both my gardening books say that green beans are easy to grow, and until recently I would have agreed with them wholeheartedly. Once they start to produce, beans just seem to go on and on, every morning you can go out and pick a handful, it’s very gratifying. It’s also easy to tell when they’re ready to be picked (the same cannot be said for onions, potatoes and butternuts).

There is a catch, though: they attract aphids, tiny little black insects that accumulate along the stems, under the leaves, in fact, all over the place. They collect in clumps that look like crusty black scabs. I came back from holiday, took one look at my beans and panicked.

I immediately consulted the internet for organic aphid-control methods and found do-it-yourself recipes that involved things like crushed raw garlic and “soft soap” – which, according to the Soil Association, contains fatty acid potassium salt, which is derived from bone material and palm oil.

So off I went to the nursery to find some of this soft soap, but I ended up getting Ludwig’s Organic Insecticide (made by Kirchhoffs, R69,95) because the guy at the nursery said it’s much easier than trying to make my own spray, and it’s authorised for use in organic agriculture by Ecocert. It contains canola oil, which is said to “kill small bodied insects on contact by means of suffocation”, pyrethrum which can kill larger bodied insects (and aren’t mosquito coils made of it?) and garlic because this apparently puts insects off from landing on the plants. Boy, does it contain garlic, enough to make your eyes water.

Anyway, a word of advice to anyone who decides to spray aphids. Wear rubber gloves, wrap old tea towels around your wrists to stop the stuff from running down your arms; stand upwind when you spray; and start from the bottom of the plants and work upwards. You have to spray the insecticide directly onto the insects and, because the little buggers hide under the leaves and in hard to reach bits, it’s a messy business. If you have a lot of them like I did, it’s also not a quick job.

The stuff worked, though, the aphids seemed to shrivel up and some, but not all of them, dropped off. But a week later I noticed ants running up and down the bean plants, so I took a closer look and found that the aphids had returned.

Apparently ants “farm” aphids, moving them to “tender spots” on a plant and milking them for honeydew. As charming as this little ant ecosystem may seem in theory, beans with aphids on them aren’t very appetising.

I don’t really want to get into a situation where I have to spray insecticide once a week and I don’t want to put off  bees and ladybirds from visiting my plants. The books say that ladybirds eat aphids so they are a useful natural control method – alas I have seen only one ladybird on my beans so far.

For the past three days I have been following the advice of the organic gardening book I got for Christmas which says: “Use the jet from a garden hose to knock aphids and other pests off plants: some may return but many will not”. After all, it says, the aim of organic gardening is to control pests not eliminate them and the spraying of pesticides should be a last resort. (Organic Garden Basics, by Bob Flowerdew, Hamlyn, London, 2008)

A strong jet of water applied directly does seem to knock them off the plant, but the aphids and their little ant farmers recover quickly – you can knock them off in the evening and by the morning they’ll be back again – so you have to keep watch for them and not let them get the better of you.

I think I’m managing to keep one step ahead, but it’s been only three days, so I’m not ruling out the possibility of having to spray again.